ZURA regulates and acts as administrator for the downstream petroleum in Zanzibar. Downstream includes the importation, unloading, transportation, storage, transforming, and selling of petroleum products in the country. Since 2015, ZURA is also responsible for setting and publishing the prices of petroleum products according to the Petroleum Products Pricing Setting Rules.

ZURA also regulates and acts as administrator for the Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) Sector in Zanzibar.The LPG Regulations were completed in 2017, these Regulations include the Importation, Filling of LPG Containers, transportation, storage, and the selling of Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) in the country.